Powerball Calculator: Payout, Tax & Annuity Explained
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If you are lucky enough to have beaten the Powerball odds and won the jackpot, then you've come to the right place. We've crafted this tool so that you can compute how much tax you have to pay after winning the lottery. Find out and compare the total payout you would receive if you chose the lump sum or annuity option - followed by a payout chart displaying all 30 annuity payments.
To use our Powerball calculator, just type in the advertised jackpot amount and select your state and the calculator will do the rest.
After you are done, check out our guide on the best lottery prediction software for tools that will help increase your odds of winning - significantly.
Lump Sum/Cash Option Calculator
|Gross Payout (~61% of the jackpot)||$610,000|
|Federal Taxes Paid (24%)||$146,400|
|Arizona Taxes Paid ( 5% )||$30,500|
|Net Payout (after taxes)||$433,100|
Annuity Calculator (Totals)
|Federal Taxes Paid (24%)||$240,000|
|Arizona Taxes Paid ( 5% )||$50,000|
|Net Payout (after taxes)||$710,000|
Annuity Calculator (Per Year)
|Year||Gross Payout||Federal Taxes||Arizona Taxes||Net Payout|
|1||$15,051||$3,612||$753||$10,687 per year|
|2||$15,804||$3,793||$790||$11,221 per year|
|3||$16,594||$3,983||$830||$11,782 per year|
|4||$17,424||$4,182||$871||$12,371 per year|
|5||$18,295||$4,391||$915||$12,990 per year|
|6||$19,210||$4,610||$960||$13,639 per year|
|7||$20,170||$4,841||$1,009||$14,321 per year|
|8||$21,179||$5,083||$1,059||$15,037 per year|
|9||$22,238||$5,337||$1,112||$15,789 per year|
|10||$23,350||$5,604||$1,167||$16,578 per year|
|11||$24,517||$5,884||$1,226||$17,407 per year|
|12||$25,743||$6,178||$1,287||$18,278 per year|
|13||$27,030||$6,487||$1,352||$19,191 per year|
|14||$28,382||$6,812||$1,419||$20,151 per year|
|15||$29,801||$7,152||$1,490||$21,159 per year|
|16||$31,291||$7,510||$1,565||$22,217 per year|
|17||$32,855||$7,885||$1,643||$23,327 per year|
|18||$34,498||$8,280||$1,725||$24,494 per year|
|19||$36,223||$8,694||$1,811||$25,718 per year|
|20||$38,034||$9,128||$1,902||$27,004 per year|
|21||$39,936||$9,585||$1,997||$28,355 per year|
|22||$41,933||$10,064||$2,097||$29,772 per year|
|23||$44,029||$10,567||$2,201||$31,261 per year|
|24||$46,231||$11,095||$2,312||$32,824 per year|
|25||$48,542||$11,650||$2,427||$34,465 per year|
|26||$50,970||$12,233||$2,548||$36,188 per year|
|27||$53,518||$12,844||$2,676||$37,998 per year|
|28||$56,194||$13,487||$2,810||$39,898 per year|
|29||$59,004||$14,161||$2,950||$41,893 per year|
|30||$61,954||$14,869||$3,098||$43,987 per year|
Our Powerball Calculator Explained
As you might already know, when a player wins the Powerball jackpot, they have to choose between a single lump sum or 30 annual payments to receive their prize.
Choosing the lump sum, also known as the cash option, reduces the jackpot size to approximately 61% of the original amount, but awards it all at once to the player. On the other hand, the annuity option awards the winner with the full amount or 100% of the jackpot – starting with one initial payment, followed by annual payments over the next 29 years.
Since the lump sum and annuity option award different payouts, it only follows that your tax liability (federal tax + state tax) will also be different for both.
What our Powerball calculator provides is a quick overview of the gross and net (after taxes) winnings you'd receive for both options – allowing you to make a more informed decision when comparing the two.
Finally, as an added feature, our tool also breaks down the annuity option into a handy payout schedule so you know how much you'll receive each year.
Note: Payouts are approximations. For example, large charitable donations can be written off, meaning reduced tax liabilities.
The Powerball payout chart below captures the different prize tiers and odds of winning.
|Numbers Matched||Prize||Odds Of Winning|
|5 + Powerball||Jackpot||1 in 292,201,338|
|5||$1 Million||1 in 11,688,054|
|4 + Powerball||$50,000||1 in 913,129|
|4||$100||1 in 36,525|
|3 + Powerball||$100||1 in 14,494|
|3||$7||1 in 580|
|2 + Powerball||$7||1 in 701|
|1 + Powerball||$4||1 in 92|
|Powerball Only||$4||1 in 38|
Figures in this chart are rounded to the nearest one and are based on a single $2 play.
Powerball Payment Options
If you’re lucky enough to win the lottery, there’s one important decision to make: how to collect your prize.
There are two main ways to do so:
- Getting a lump sum payout,
- Collect your prize in annuity payments over the next 30 years.
Cash Lump Sum
Taking out the entire jackpot is good to get a hold of your money as early as possible – but you will lose a considerable amount to the taxes.
Any winnings above $5,000 attract a 24 percent mandatory upfront federal withholding, which goes straight to the IRS. This means that if the price was $500 million, it would be reduced by $120 million, leaving you with $320 million.
This won’t cover the entire tax bill either – because the jackpot easily subscribes the winner into a higher federal tax rate due to increased net worth. It's important to note that the winners also need to pay state taxes on top of the federal tax.
Despite the substantial loss, there are some benefits to taking out the entire payment:
- You can access your money quickly and cover pressing expenses,
- You can invest the money so it can grow over time for retirement or other purposes.
Instead of taking out the entire prize at once and paying higher taxes, you can opt to receive your prize in annual instalments. The prize is usually paid out in full in 30 years.
The annuity value is paid through government bonds that are purchased with the jackpot’s cash value. The revenue these bonds earn over the annual payments makes up for the difference between cash value and the advertised jackpot value.
On the whole, annuity payments result in a higher payout over an extended period of time. It also prevents overspending, offers better tax benefits, and provides a steady stream of income over three decades.
You can use our Powerball annuity calculator above to see what sort of schedule you’ll be looking at.
Lump Sum vs Annuity – A comparison
|Lump Sum||Annuity Payments|
|Payout Structure||The winner receives the entire value of the prize in one go.||Payouts are distributed evenly at set intervals until the total amount is distributed.|
|Tax Implications||Federal taxes are due on the total amount you receive if you claim your winnings as cash lump sum. You may also be pushed to a higher tax bracket, which increases your tax liabilities.||Taxes are deferred until the entirety of your winnings are paid out.|
|Investment Opportunities||You can invest large sums of money sooner and capitalize on the returns.||You can invest your money as you get paid and offset the inflation loss from your future payments.|
|Best Suited for||Apt investors who can manage investing a large amount of funds effectively.||Those who seek steady income over the years, or those who are prone to overspending.|
Taxes on Powerball Payouts
As we said before, the IRS treats lottery winnings as taxable income, which means that you’ll be paying both federal and state tax.
How lottery winnings are taxed on a federal level
How much you’ll be paying in federal tax depends on your tax bracket and whether you’re a single or joint filer – but your winnings can easily push you to a higher bracket. You can access federal tax rates and calculators via the IRS website.
Let’s say that you’re a single filer making $45,000 a year, and won a whopping $100,000 in the Powerball lottery. That raises your taxable income to $145,000 – and bumps up your marginal tax rate from 22% to 24% (for simplicity’s sake, we assume there are no deductions).
You don’t have to pay 24% on the entire $145,000 though. If, say, the tax bracket that $150,000 is in starts from $95,376, you’ll only have to pay 24% on the income that surpasses it. In this case, that would be $49,624.
This means that you’d owe $16,290 on the first $95,376, and 24% of $49,624. This means that of your $100,000 winnings, you’ll be paying a total of $28,199.76 in federal tax.
How lottery winnings are taxed on a state level
Besides the federal tax, some states will also take a piece of your winnings – how much depends on where you live. The tax rates vary from 0% to 8%, with the State of New York levying the largest tax rate. 9 of 51 states don’t levy any income tax at all:
- New Hampshire
- South Dakota
If bought your ticket from a state where you don’t ordinarily reside, the state where you bought the ticket and got paid will withhold its taxes.
You can easily calculate both your federal and state tax liabilities using our tax calculator above.
Glossary of Terms
Advertised Jackpot: The total payment a winner would receive should they choose the annuity option for any given drawing. This number is based on the funds in the prize pool (including all prior rollovers), expected ticket sales for the next drawing, and current market interest rates.
Annuity Payout Option: Payment scheme wherein prizes are awarded starting with 1 immediate payment followed by 29 yearly payments. These payments are graduated – meaning they increase by 5% each year to account for inflation. The total value of all payments is equivalent to 100% of the advertised jackpot.
Lump Sum Option: Payment scheme wherein a one-time payment is immediately awarded to the winner. The total value is approximately 61% of the advertised jackpot. This is also known as the cash option and is the more popular choice among jackpot winners.
Federal Taxes: Income tax withheld by the US government, including income from lottery prize money. This can range from 24% to 37% of your winnings.
State Taxes: Additional tax withheld, dependent on the state. This varies across states and can range from 0% to more than 8%.
Tax Liability: The taxes you will have to pay in order to receive your prize. This is computed as federal taxes + state taxes. Please note that in some cases, you might have to pay additional taxes.
Gross Payout: The total prize awarded to a winner before federal and state taxes are applied.
Net Payout: The remaining prize is awarded to a winner after federal and state taxes are applied.
- New Jersey Lottery Results and Winnings
- Tennessee Lottery Results and Winnings
- Mississippi Lottery Results and Winnings
- Arizona Lottery Results and Winnings
Other Lottery Calculators and Tools
Check out our Mega Millions Payout and Tax Calculator to figure out how much taxes you will owe on your lottery winnings and also your payout for both cash and annuity options.
If you haven't bought your tickets yet and are wondering what the odds of your winning are, you can use our Lottery Odds Calculator or geek out and dive into the math behind Powerball Odds or Mega Million Odds.